The national environmental protection tax; the water pollution prevention law will be implemented; the promotion of small and medium enterprises for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises escort; judge law eight law amendment; "service" for nearly 30 years to complete the "overhaul" standardization law; these four types of public library services free of charge; the tour guide will be allowed to change the itinerary, forcing tourist shopping; takeaway store businesses should be the central bank to adjust the car loan policy...... Since January 1, 2018, a number of new regulations will be implemented to affect our lives.
National levying of environmental protection tax
The environmental protection tax law of the Peoples Republic of China will be implemented from January 1, 2018, and the environmental protection tax shall be levied in accordance with the provisions of the law and no more charges for pollution discharge will be levied.
The taxpayers of the environmental protection tax shall directly discharge pollutants to enterprises in the field of Peoples Republic of China and other areas under the jurisdiction of the Peoples Republic of China. The regulations show that no environmental pollution tax is paid to those who do not directly discharge pollutants into the environment. The residents do not belong to taxpayers and do not pay the environmental protection tax.
In connection with the object of the current sewage charge system, the object of environmental protection tax is 4 kinds of taxable pollutants, such as air pollutants, water pollutants, solid waste and noise. The specific taxable pollutants are carried out in accordance with the provisions of the "environmental protection tax list", "taxable pollutants and the table of equivalent values" annexed to the tax law.
The new law on prevention and control of water pollution will be implemented
In June 27th, the twenty-eighth meeting of the twelve NPC Standing Committee adopted a decision on the amendment of the law on the prevention and control of water pollution. The revised law will come into force on January 1, 2018.
The river length system is a system innovation for the management of river and lake, and it is also the system innovation of Chinas water environment management system and the guarantee of the state Shui Anquan. The revised law adds to the content of the river length system.
The newly amended law stipulates that the State implements the total amount control system for the emission of key water pollutants. Focusing on over water pollutant emission control targets or did not complete the improvement of water environment quality target area, the provincial peoples government department in charge of environmental protection shall be mainly responsible for jointly with relevant departments interviewed in the local peoples government, the file and suspend approval of new environmental impact of key water pollutant emissions assessment of construction projects. The interview should be open to the society.
The promotion law of small and medium enterprises: protect the development of small and medium enterprises
In September 1, 2017, after the adoption of the twenty-ninth session of the Twelfth National Peoples Congress, the newly revised Peoples Republic of China SME Promotion Act (hereinafter referred to as the new promotion law) was promulgated and implemented in January 1, 2018. It is understood that the new promotion law was revised on the basis of the law on promotion of small and medium enterprises in Peoples Republic of China, which was formally implemented in 2003.
In our country, the large and medium sized enterprises are concentrated in the traditional industry, in the middle and low end of the industrial chain, and the task of changing the way and adjusting the structure is very arduous. At the same time, affected by the recent international financial crisis and the downward pressure of domestic economy, SMEs are generally faced with the problems of rising labor costs, rising raw material prices, raising financing costs and decreasing profit levels. The pressure of survival and development is increasing. Therefore, the implementation of the original law for more than 10 years has been unable to adapt to the actual needs of the current development of small and medium-sized enterprises in some aspects.
Anti Unfair Competition Law: encourage the protection of market competition and strengthen the regulation of the Internet
In November 4th, the thirtieth session of the twelve Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress adopted the newly revised Peoples Republic of China Anti Unfair Competition Act, which has been implemented since January 1, 2018.
As an important law in the legal system of the socialist market economy, the current anti unfair competition law has been put into effect in December 1, 1993, playing an important role in promoting fair competition and maintaining transaction order. With the development of the times, some new phenomena and new problems that impede fair competition have emerged. This revision is the first 24 years after the implementation of the anti unfair competition law.
The new revision of the anti unfair competition law in the new situation and problems in the current market competition, to further clarify the acts of unfair competition rules and regulations more clear and specific, easy to operate, and has certain forward-looking, can meet the requirement of practice development, to encourage and protect fair competition and to protect the legitimate rights and interests of consumers and business operators.
"Service" completed the "overhaul" by standardization in the past 30 years.
The thirtieth meeting of the Standing Committee of the twelve National Peoples Congress (NPC) adopted the newly revised standardization law in November 4th. The new standardization law will be put into operation in January 1, 2018, which is of great significance for improving the quality of products and services, promoting the progress of science and technology, and improving the level of economic and social development.
The Peoples Republic of China standardization law has been enacted in 1988 and has been implemented for nearly 30 years. The newly revised standardization law has six chapters and 45 articles, which are divided into general principles, standard formulation, standard implementation, supervision and management, legal responsibility and supplementary provisions.
The newly revised standardization law has made a comprehensive and whole process regulation on the formulation, implementation and supervision of the standard. The law stipulates that the standards include national standards, industry standards, local standards and group standards, and enterprise standards. The national standards are divided into compulsory standards and recommended standards, and industry standards and local standards are recommended standards. Mandatory standards must be implemented. The State encourages the adoption of recommended standards.
Public Library Law: all four types of services are free
The Peoples Republic of China library law is the first special law in the field of public culture at the national level, and the public books involved in it